Filming in Russia: Republic of Bashkortostan (Bashkiria)

Bashkortostan is a predominantly Muslim Russian republic the size of Greece. It’s populated by the Turkic nations of Bashkirs and Tatars, some of the country’s largest ethnic groups after the Russians.

Filming in Bashkortostan: Geography and Climate

Bashkortostan has an area of 143,600 square kilometers (55,400 sq mi). Yamantau is the tallest mountain with the height of 1,638 m. The longest river in Bashkortostan is Belaya, 1,430 kilometres (890 mi) long.

The average temperature in January is -15˚C (5˚F) and +20˚C (68˚F) in June. But it could get extreme: as hot as 42˚C (107˚F) in the summer, and  -53˚C (-63˚F) in the winter.

Filming in Bashkortostan: Nature

About 40% of Bashkortostan`s territory is covered with forests. Also, there are more than 1,120 rivers.

Due to its proximity to Ural mountains, Bashkortostan has more than 150 deep caves. For example, Shulgan-Tash is a paleolithic human dwelling site with cave paintings.

Film in Bashkortostan: History

Bashkortostan joined Russia in 1557, after Tsar Ivan the Terrible occupied the nearby Muslim stronghold Kazan, now the capital of Tatarstan. Bashkortostan was the center of mass anti-authority uprisings in the 18th century.

During the World War II, more than 100 plants were moved to Bashkortostan. With the collapse of the USSR, Bashkortostan became a republic within the Russian Federation

Film in Bashkortostan: Cities

The capital and the biggest city of Bashkortostan is Ufa, with over 1 million people population. Other notable cities include Oktyabrsky, Sterlitamak and Salavat.

Film in Bashkortostan: How to Get

Ufa is located 1200 km (745 mi) east of Moscow. The flight takes 2 hours. Some 15 air routes connect Ufa with the rest of Russia.

Film in Bashkortostan: Population

Bashkortostan is populated with more than 4 million people. Russians are the majority with 40% of the total population, followed by Bashkirs with 23% and Tatars with 17%.

Both Bashkirs and Tatars are Turkic peoples, who were once a part of the Golden Horde, a state founded by descendants of Genghis Khan. Tatars are the second largest ethnicity in Russia, and Bashkirs are the fourth.

Film in Bashkortostan: Interesting Facts

  • Reports (including by The New York Times) say there is a huge top-secret military bunker inside Yamatau, the biggest mountain in Bashkortostan. The Russian government denies it;
  • Bashkortostan is famous for its forest bee-keeping and honey in general;
  • Ernst Muldashev, Russia’s most controversial doctor, known for his bizzare new-age views, lives in Ufa. An accomplished eye surgeon, Muldashev claims he uses alloplants, parts of dead bodies. in the surgery. He has organized dozens of expeditions in search of Shambala and other mystic places;
  • Salavat Yulayev, the national hero of Bashkortostan, was a poet and one of the leaders of an anti-government uprising in 18th century;
  • Zemfira, Russia's most popular female rock singer, was born and raised in Ufa, Bashkortostan's capital.
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Ufa
Lala Tulpan mosque

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Ufa
Lenin Monument

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Ufa

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Ufa
Historical center

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Ufa
The historical court

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Orthodox church in Ufa

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Ufa
Palace of Youth

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Ufa
Old movie theater

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Ufa
Oktyabrya (October) Avenue

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Ufa

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Ufa in the fall

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Ufa
Bashkir National Theater

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Ufa
Aerial view

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Ufa
Highways intersection

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Small city in Bashkortostan

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Belaya River

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Bridge over the river Belaya

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Thunderstorm in the forest

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Southern Urals
Lake in the steppe

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Pines in the mountains

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Snow storm in the mountains

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Rainbow in the fall

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Ufa
Lala Tulpan mosque

Title #169

Ufa
Lenin Monument

Title #170

Ufa

Title #171

Ufa
Historical center

Title #172

Ufa
The historical court

Title #173

Orthodox church in Ufa

Title #174

Ufa
Palace of Youth

Title #175

Ufa
Old movie theater

Title #176

Ufa
Oktyabrya (October) Avenue

Title #177

Ufa

Title #178

Ufa in the fall

Title #179

Ufa
Bashkir National Theater

Title #180

Ufa
Aerial view

Title #181

Ufa
Highways intersection

Title #182

Small city in Bashkortostan

Title #183

Belaya River

Title #184

Bridge over the river Belaya

Title #185

Thunderstorm in the forest

Title #186

Southern Urals
Lake in the steppe

Title #187

Pines in the mountains

Title #188

Snow storm in the mountains

Title #189

Rainbow in the fall